DNA paternity testing is a term that is very confusing to many people although it is widely contemplated when it comes to proving paternity for child support. Many people really want to know what DNA means, what DNA paternity testing is, what it really involves and how accurate it can be before deciding to go for it. If you are one of these people, worry no more as you are not alone. Read through this article and get all your DNA paternity questions answered.
DNA is an abbreviation of deoxyribonucleic acid; a nucleic acid that has a set of all living organisms’ genetic factors. This nucleic acid is very specific to an individual organism and carries specific generic instructions that assist in building particular body structures such as RNA and proteins. The DNA segments that normally carry this information are scientifically called genes. Deoxyribonucleic acid is just like your body’s blueprint.
DNA paternity testing is the process of matching a donor’s DNA with another person’s, to see whether they are related. This practice involve a Buccal Swab sample of cells being swabbed from the inside cheek of a donor without any pain and then taken to a laboratory of choice for screening. Getting the results will entirely depend on the type of test one opts to use and the efficiency of that particular laboratory. The most common types of DNA paternity tests used today are RFLP and PCR. RFLP is by far more accurate of the two.
Now, how accurate is the DNA paternity test then? The accuracy of a paternity test entirely depends on the number of points (loci) tested from a child and their prospect parents. The higher the number of loci used the greater the accuracy of a DNA paternity test. Therefore, choose laboratories that uses many loci to test the paternity of a child and that that excludes prospect fathers whose DNA show variation in one or two DNA patterns on all tested points. This is a major AABB criterion that is widely used in the accreditation different DNA testing laboratories worldwide.
Two sets of results are normally involved in testing paternity. These are Exclusion and Inclusion paternity test results. In exclusive paternity test result, the focus is on separating prospect fathers whose DNA does not match with that of a child. In this test, results should not be less than 100% accurate. You will be excluded as the real father of that child without question if your DNA fail to 100% match with that of a child. Inclusive paternity results test on the possibility of a person being a father of a child. This test is not 100% accurate but it should at least be 99.9 to 99% accurate.
Having a DNA paternity test is not only a way to be sure about the paternity of a child but also the only reliable way to know the real parents of a child. You should however know that the paternity DNA test is very easy and painless. Though the test does not offer 100% accuracy, it gives at least give 99% to 99.9% results accurately. I repeat, use a large number of loci to test for paternity if you what to improve on the test’s accuracy or better still visit an accredited DNA analysis company that get more than 16 samples from an individual for screening.
For those who have ever wondered if they are related to others with the same surname, have an uncertain family or personal history, genealogical DNA testing is a viable option. It allows families and individuals to determine familial history, ancestral make-up, and even historic country of origin.
DNA testing considers the standard 46 chromosomes that each person has from birth. This genetic code does not change and remains fixed throughout a person’s lifetime. The X chromosome comes from the biological mother and the additional X or Y chromosome is inherited from the biological father. Each person contains their unique strand of DNA in each cell.
Genealogical testing is a type of test that can be used to determine information about genealogy or personal ancestry by comparing a person’s results to others from the same lineage or to various ethnic groups, both modern and historic. A genealogical test uses a sample of a person’s cheek swab, which can be collected easily and painlessly. These collected cells are broken down in a solution and the DNA is visualized using specialized equipment. Each person’s unique DNA is recorded and tested against known DNA to determine various facts about their family history.
Benefits of Genealogical Testing
For those who have ever wondered about the origins of their paternal line, specialized equipment available today analyzes a person’s genetic markers. Some of the tests performed can show the migration routes of paternal ancestors or maternal ancestors. Additionally, a person can learn which of 200 populations he or she is most genetically similar to and what proportions of that ancestry comes from the seven continents. For example, a person may learn that his heritage is 50% African and 50% European. This test can also determine a person’s recessive gene variant that they carry. For example, a person can determine if they carry the recessive gene for red hair and whether there is a strong chance of having red-haired children.
Genealogical testing also may generate a list of surnames that appear in a person’s family tree which can help uncover common ancestors between people. Since a shared surname is not necessarily indicative that two people are related, this testing reveals if two people or families are related and, if so, to what extent. Since many people live in an area of the world where certain last names are common, this information helps to resolve any ambiguity in a family tree.
Finally, many people enjoy knowing their origins. While there are many reasons to use genealogical testing, one of the main reasons reported is that most people enjoy learning about their personal history. With genealogical testing, a simple test can reveal a great deal of information about a person’s extended family and origins.
Having a Genealogical Test Performed
Having a genealogical test perform varies depending on the testing center, but typically a person receives a kit in the name with a short form and a cheek swab kit. After completing the form and cheek swab, the results are mailed back to the lab where the DNA is tested. The results are then returned back to the individual along with an explanation of test results. This type of DNA testing is very simple to perform and many people take advantage of genealogical testing.
DNA is in every cell throughout our bodies; within it is the map to a unique genetic code. It makes ups everything; from the color of our eyes to the allergies we may have. Science has been perfected in figuring out how to decode this complex part of the body. DNA testing is the process of uncovering data from our DNA strands. With of all the information that DNA holds there are many different tests to give answers to specific questions or problems.
One of the tests that can be run on DNA is called a paternity test. This process helps answer the sensitive question of who is a child’s biological father. If the mother or father is uncertain as to who actually gave the child their genes this is the test that is run. A paternity test can be used to in court if for child support but it needs to be an approved DNA test. Some paternity tests are done solely for informational purposes and will not be recognized as proper evidence in a court case. DNA Clinic offers both services at affordable prices. Calling a representative is the best way to figure out which test is beneficial to your specific question.
Another form is DNA immigration testing. When this is the best way to prove relationships with family this can be done with paternity, maternity or kinship testing.
Next Ancestral DNA testing is preformed to find out your family history. It can show what parts of the world make up what you are today.
Finding what health or mental problems you are prone to can be done through genetic predisposition DNA testing. It can help you take the right preventative measures to stay healthy.
As listed above DNA testing has a range of advantages and with each different service can have a range of prices. The cost of DNA testing can range from $100-$2,000 depending on the test. Another option, a very cost effective, is an at home test. Gathering DNA is a simple and painless process, even at home, and can be as simple as rubbing a cotton swab on the inside of a cheek. One option is the at home kit will be sent to you for $25. To finish is an additional cost of $175 for the laboratory work. Overall DNA testing is simple and cost effective process.